Participles Used as Adjectives

5.0/5 rating (8 votes)

Participle is a special form of a verb. There are two types of Participles: Present Participle and Past Participle.

Present Participle is formed by adding ending -ing to the main verb:

  • Examples: smile + ing = smiling, reading + ing = reading

Past Participle of regular verbs can be formed by adding ending -ed  to the main verb. Past Participle of irregular verbs (sometimes called Verb 3 form) need to be memorized as they do not have a common rule.

  • Examples: spoil + ed = spoiled, wear = worn

Present and Past Participles can be used as adjectives:

  • a horrifying story
  • a smashed window

When participles come after a noun, they are used like reduced relative clauses:

  • I saw a man walking down the street. (I saw a man who was walking down the street.)
  • I read a book written by O. Wilde. (I read a book that was written by O. Wilde.)

Leave a comment

You are commenting as guest.


Advanced Grammar

Who's Online

We have 120 guests and no members online

Login & Registration

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By clicking "Accept & Close", you agree to our use of cookies.