This is an excellent activity that allows students activate their prior knowledge on a certain topic and make predictions about the assigned non-fiction (expository) or fiction text.
The acronym comes from the key words in the following questions: What I Know? – What I Want to know? – What I Learned? This activity can be used as a group activity (what we know? – what we want to know? – what we learned?) or independently by each student.
A fourth column can be added to the chart (“What I Still need/want to learn”). After the final discussion, ask students what they still want to learn about the topic. In this column they can also include suggestions on how they can find the answers to their new questions. For example, they can suggest getting another book (some books) in the library or interviewing someone who might know the answers to their questions.